Notes from ¿Qué tal? – Expressing Actions

  • When used with an infinitive, empezar (to begin) is followed by a.
  • Uds. empiezan a hablar muy bien el español. – You’re beginning to speak Spanish very well.

  • When used with an infinitive, volver (to return) is also followed by a. The phrase then means to do (something) again.
  • ¿Cuando vuelves a jugar al tenis? – When are you going to play tennis again?

  • When followed directly by an infinitive, pensar (to think) means to intend, plan to.
  • ¿Cuando piensas contestar la carta? – When do you intend to answer the letter?

hacer, poner, salir
Here are some frequent uses of hacer, poner, and salir.

  • hacer
  • ¿Por qué no haces los ejercicios? – Why aren’t you doing the exercises?

    Three common idioms with hacer are hacer un viaje (to take a trip), hacer una pregunta (to ask a question), and hacer ejercicio (to exercise).

    You have already learned to use the third person singular form of hacer, hace, in many weather expressions. Hace + [a period of timel + que is also used to tell how long something has been going on.

    Hace tres horas que miran la tele. – They’ve been watching TV for three hours.
    Hace dos meses que estudio espanol. – I’ve been studying Spanish for two months.

  • poner
  • Siempre pongo leche y mucho azúcar en el café. – I always put milk and a lot of sugar in my coffee:

    Many Spanish speakers use poner with appliances to express to turn on.
    Voy a poner el televisor. – I’m going to turn on the TV

  • salir
  • Salen de clase ahora. – They’re getting out of (leaving) class

    Note that salir is always followed by de to express leaving a place. Salir con can mean to go out with, to date.
    Salgo con Miguel. – I’m going out with (dating) Miguel.

Like this content? Why not share it?
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInBuffer this pagePin on PinterestShare on Redditshare on TumblrShare on StumbleUpon

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.