“Por vs. para?” is a common question from Spanish learners. That makes sense, as one of Spanish’s more difficult aspects is the difference between the words por and para. Like any “difficult” language feature, the usage of por and para just takes a bit of practice to get right. Let’s dig into how you can learn the difference between them.
Spanish teacher Don Potter has put together some helpful resources for learning Spanish. In particular, he offers a free PDF copy of Spanish Grammar by Eric. V. Greenfield along with accompanying audio.
One of the most stressful parts of learning Spanish for many language learners, other than the subjunctive and para vs. por, is knowing the difference between ser and estar. But it doesn´t have to be stressful! While both of these verbs mean “to be” and are used all the time in daily communication, the following simple rules should help you to differentiate between the two. … [ Read more ]
This basic site offers a large number of grammar exercises and quizzes from Matthew D. Stroud of Trinity University. Quizes are offered for: adjectives, conjunctions, prepositions, pronouns, verb forms, verb usage (e.g., ser vs. estar, past vs. imperfect), and a general verb review.
Editor’s Note: original URL (http://www.trinity.edu/mstroud/grammar/) is no longer working. I have updated to a new URL I found online but I am … [ Read more ]
The following set of videos were created by the Fundación de Español Urgente (Fundéu) and represent some common basic Spanish mistakes.
If you have been taking Spanish classes or lessons for a while and are wondering how are you doing, check this out. The folks from don Quijote Spanish Courses have put together these online Spanish language practice tests for you to measure your improvement.
A great resource for reading, grammar and music in Spanish is Practica Español, by Instituto Cervantes, the Spanish government’s organization for the promotion of Spanish language and culture. Here you’ll find a large collection of current news articles sorted by difficulty levels and categories to suit your interests. If you don’t know a word, double-click to get the definition. There are also activities paired with … [ Read more ]
These are the notes I took while reading the book, Spanish Step by Step by Charles Berlitz. Chapters/topics incldue:
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Free Spanish grammar lessons with recordings.
This useful site (formerly known as Spanish Grammar Exercises) offers interactive Spanish grammar exercises (you can answer and check your responses instantly) as well as cultural Spanish breakdowns (e.g., songs, poems, stories, videos, etc.)
This glossary is designed as a guide for people learning the grammar of either Spanish or English, and it may be useful for people studying other languages as well, especially languages of Indo-European origin. To explain each grammatical term, examples are given in both Spanish and English, where applicable. This glossary is a work in progress, with new terms being added weekly.
On this site you can practice (inter)actively the conjugation of Spanish (ir)regular verbs in all common tenses. The website also offers you the option of viewing all your results , checking the errors you have made and if you wish you can repeat those questions. No charges at all.
Grammar is the glue that holds language together. It governs how sentences are made up, how words change depending on subject and context, and how verbs conjugate to reflect whether something happened in the past, present or future. Unfortunately grammar is also one of the most detested and difficult parts of learning a language. Demystifying Spanish Grammar attempts to shed some of students’ anxiety about … [ Read more ]
Many language books are boring–this one is not. Written by a native English speaker who learned Spanish the hard way–by trying to talk to Spanish-speaking people–it offers English speakers with a basic knowledge of Spanish hundreds of tips for using the language more fluently and colloquially, with fewer obvious “gringo” errors. Writing with humor, common sense, and a minimum of jargon, Joseph Keenan covers everything … [ Read more ]
Another verb conjugator, but my favorite is still the 123TeachMe version…
We all make mistakes and there are a lot of pesky little things that cause problems for students of Spanish. Here is a list of some of them that pop up frequently in intermediate-level work. Look over them and learn from them; it should vastly improve your Spanish. Also included here are items which might need to be reviewed, such as giving dates and telling … [ Read more ]
Whether you’re corresponding with a Spanish-speaking friend or writing a formal business letter, the greetings and salutations in this lesson can help give your letters credibility and make them seem more authentic and less like you’re mimicking English.
A collection of 65 notes or mini-lessons on various Spanish grammar topics.
Professor Fred F. Jehle developed these Spanish language course materials over many years for a variety of classes, but primarily for an intermediate college-level course called S210 Second-Year Spanish Composition. There are numerous components to this collection of materials:
1. Grammatical explanations, consisting of a series of approximately 36 lessons on aspects of Spanish language. I conduct my classes primarily in Spanish, but these presentations are … [ Read more ]